SEAPRO Technical Manual

Section 2 - Response Strategies


This Response Strategies section provides SEAPRO member companies with strategies and tactics for spills in Southeast Alaska, both onshore and offshore. This section contains descriptions of the tactics that SEAPRO can use to respond to a spill and the information is provided by the Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation (ADEC) Spill Tactics for Alaska Responders (STAR) Manual. It is not intended to present all possible tactics for spill response. The tactics presented have been developed by the industry in conjuction with SEAPRO personnel and are the tactics they are prepared to use. Other tactics may be employed, and these tactics revised as appropriate based on operational experience. The tactics are designed to be used as building blocks for SEAPRO member companies to develop facility-specific response scenarios in their contingency plans and for responders to develop response strategies for training and for spills. The technical information can be used to prepare a scenario that demonstrates the ability to recover the facility's response planning standard (RPS) volume in 72 hours — the key requirement of Alaska Department of Environmental Conservation contingency plan.

The table of contents below is intended as a quick reference to the information provided in the STAR Manual. A link to download the Manual is provided here.

Table of Content

  1. Section A
    1. Front Matter
  2. Section B - Tactics
    • Part I: Safety
    1. Safety Introduction
    2. Site Entry Criteria
    3. Personal Protective Equipment
    4. Site Layout & Control
    5. Personnel Decontamination
      Part II: Oil Spill Surveillance & Tracking
    1. Tracking Introduction
    2. Plume Delineation, Land
    3. Discharge Tracking on Water
    4. Aerial Observation Supporting Nearshore Operations
      Part III: Mechanical Response
    1. Mechanical Recovery
    2. Basic Boom Tactics
    3. Containment Boom
    4. Dikes, Berms, & Dams
    5. Pits, Trenches, and Slots
    6. Nearshore Free-Oil Recovery
    7. On-Water Free-Oil Recovery
    8. On-Land Recovery
    9. Diversion Boom
    10. Marine Recovery
    11. Shoreside Recovery
    12. Passive Recovery
    13. Exclusion Boom
    14. Deflection Boom
    15. Beach Berms & Exclusion Dams
    16. Cold-Water Deluge
    17. Land-Based Storage & Transfer of Oily Liquids
    18. Marine-Based Storage & Transfer of Oily Liquids
    19. Pumping Oily Liquids
    20. Towing Alongside
      Part IV: Non-Mechanical Response
    1. Non-Mechanical Introduction
    2. Dispersant Application
    3. In-Situ Burning, Oily Vegetation
    4. In-Situ Burning, On Water
    5. In-Situ Burning, Pooled Oil
      Part V: Logistics
    1. Logistics Introduction
    2. Staging Area
    3. Vessel Decontamination
      Part VI: Nearshore Operations Response Strategy (NORS)
    1. NORS Intro
    2. Planning & Implementation
    3. Nearshore Group Logistics Base
  3. Section C: References
    1. References
  4. Section D: Appendices
    1. Appendices